Varicose veins are an unfortunate reality for many Australians. They are not only ugly to look at but cause a great deal of pain and discomfort to those who are afflicted. With the issue affecting up to 30% of Australians, there is a high demand for treatment options that can make the condition manageable.
Luckily there are a number of potential solutions for those who are suffering from this horrible condition. This article aims to identify the best possible treatment for varicose veins that is available today.
Varicose Veins Explained
Varicose veins or pneumonic blood vessels are a condition that affects the flow of blood to the heart. Unlike arteries that carry blood away from the heart and to the rest of the body, this does the opposite and take blood through to the heart.
This is controlled by valves that open and close to manage the flow of blood. Ideally these valves prevent blood from flowing back down the blood vessel. If the valve is leaky, this allows blood to build up and cause damage to the blood vessels. This damage takes the form of knotty and enlarged blood vessels.
Pneumonic blood vessels usually appear in the legs but can occur anywhere on the body. They mainly occur in the lower body as faulty valves will allow gravity to cause blood to seep downwards. This causes the bulging of the blood vessels and can majorly affect the circulatory system in a negative way.
What are the Health Risks?
If pneumonic blood vessels are not properly treated there can be some severe medical implications. A particularly bad leak can lead to inflammation of the skin around the affected blood vessel. Aches, throbbing and general soreness all work to limit the lifestyles of those affected.
Over time the pigmentation of the veins can turn brown, harden the skin and eventually result in ulcers. Blood clots are also a high risk for those with pneumonic blood vessels.
Who are the Victims?
Most victims of pneumonic blood vessels are born with a predisposition to the condition. Alternatively, they can develop over time from the compounding effects of remaining upright during many forms of physical activity. Pregnancy and obesity also work to cause a build-up of pressure due to the increased weight the legs need to support.
Unfortunately, many of the causes are unavoidable due to a predisposition, lifestyle or a combination of both. The good news is that there are effective treatments available.
The treatment for varicose veins is broken into 3 stages:
- An ultrasound scan that determines the source and extent of the problem.
- An appropriate combination of treatments is undertaken.
- A second ultrasound scan that determines the effectiveness of the treatment.
The treatments available include:
Ultrasound Guided Sclerotherapy
This treatment involves doctors using an ultrasound to visually guide and monitor a needle to inject a sclerosing agent. This procedure allows doctors to be more accurate and treat larger blood vessels than conventional methods of sclerotherapy.
The sclerosing agent is designed to make the unwanted blood vessel shrink and eventually dissolve as the body absorbs it.
The foam sclerosing agent works in two ways:
- The foam solution displaces blood inside the blood vessel and allows the entire agent the work to its maximum effect.
- The ultrasound makes the effects visible in real time and allows doctors to monitor and easily guide the treatment to the affected areas.
Endovenous and Radiofrequency Laser Ablation
Endovenous Laser Ablation also known as EVLA is a treatment performed with local anaesthetic. A relatively new procedure, EVLA is an effective treatment that is designed to avoid the need for hospitalisation of patients.
It works similarly to sclerotherapy as it seals the blood vessel so that it is reabsorbed into the body.
The process goes as follows:
- A local anaesthetic is applied and a laser is used to seal affected veins.
- A bandage is applied to seal the blood vessel and prevent soreness.
Radiofrequency laser ablation is another method that is associated with less pain and bruising than the endovenous treatment. It is more suitable for larger blood vessels.
Also known as Venaseal, medial superglue is a new surgery free procedure that uses a medical adhesive to treat affected blood vessels. There is no use of heat or thermal energy and thus no risk of any potential nerve or skin damage. It is also relatively instantaneous requiring no major downtime or care before or after the treatment.
The process is easy:
- A special transilluminating light is used to identify the problem blood vessels.
- The superglue is applied and the blood vessels are bandaged.
- Patients can walk out of the surgery with no need for a medical stocking.
Pneumonic blood vessels don’t need to be an ongoing problem for Australians anymore with surgeries options available that are dedicated to providing relief. Their variety and quality of treatment options makes them stand out as the best treatment for varicose veins available today.